Varanasi also known as Banaras is a holy city in the North India. The city resides on the bank of the river Ganges. Varanasi is spread in an area of 82.10 sq. km with the total population of around 1,201,815 as of 2011. It is the holiest place of Hinduism and Jainism as well as it is said that the place played an important role in Buddhism. The place is famous for muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture.
It is believed that Varanasi was founded by Lord Shiva. Also, it is believed that Shiva fought with the god Brahma and torn off one among four heads of Brahma. The same head of Brahma dropped from Shiva’s hand and disappeared into the Varanasi ground and therefore the place is considered a holy religious site. Also, Kashi which is another name of Varanasi is considered as one of the seven holy cities. Varanasi is also considered as the oldest city in the world as it is more than 3000 years old.
You can get different means of transport to get here and roam around the city. You can get direct flight from other countries like: Thailand, Sri Lanka, as well as Nepal. Also, different modes of transportation like Rail, Bus, and Metro service is available here.
It is believed that Varanasi refreshes travelers soul. There are lots of things that make Varanasi not only a holy place but also one of the best tourist destination. Some of the destinations are: Dashashwamedh Ghat, Ramnagar Fort, Manikarnika Ghat, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, SankatMochan Hanuman Temple, Abdul Razzaq, Assi Ghat, Harishchandra Ghat, Anandmayee Ghat, Benares Hindu University, Bharat Kala Bhavan.
It is considered as one of the holiest ghat in Varanasi and is located near Kashi Vishwanath Temple. It is said that; Lord Brahma is the creator of this ghat and it was created to welcome Lord Shiva.
This is a sacred temple of Hindu god Hanuman and is situated by the Asi River. The temple was built in the early 1900s by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya who is also a founder of Banaras Hindu University.
This Fort is located near the eastern bank of the river Ganges. This fort was built by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh in the 18th century. The fort has now turned into museum and is one of the remaining from the kings in the city. The museum contains American vintage cars, decorated sedan chairs, weaponry hall, astrological clock and many other religious related things.
Being, one of the holiest place, festivals like: Maha Shivaratri, Hanuman Jayanti, Nag Nathaiya, Ramzan as well as some other festivals are widely celebrated here.